WhiteNoise

The WhiteNoise generator generates a kind of noise that is called white. It means the spectrum (Assuming you know what this is) is totally flat. In fact this is not entirely correct, only when looking at the spectrum over an infinite time span, this could be true.

To program a perfect WhiteNoise generator in a computer or dsp is not that obvious. One way of doing this is to make a very long sequence of numbers (=samples), which will sound random. This is called Pseudo Random Noise/Numbers (=PRN). These so called PRN can be programmed/made in different ways. I have chosen for a variant called linear congruent. This algorithm uses the following recursive formula to calculate one (next random) sample:

 

PRN_new = (lambda * PRN_old + micro) mod 24

 

In this formula, you must think of all numbers being integer. The "mod 24" makes the calculation to be within the 24 bit range. This also limits the maximum cycle of these PRN to be 2 to the power 24 samples long.

 

To get a true random sounding sequence, it is important to set the lambda and micro to a well-chosen value. To start this recursion one needs a value for PRN_old: this is called the Seed. I most also mention that these type of generators produce PRN that have uniform distribution. In other words, it this means that if I would look over infinite time all possible sample values (between -1 and +1) will appear with equal probability.

 

For a non-mathematical person this all must be impossible to understand. If you do not understand the above formula's, just use the default values that are set for the parameters, you can change the seed to any value to start the PRN at any point in there sequence (be aware it is a sequence and not truly random).

 

You can make this generator sound less random by selecting other integer values for micro and lambda, but it is not obvious what the result will be (hint: use odd/prime numbers!)

 

-- ChristiaanGelauff - 08 Oct 2005  Back one page